EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing)
EMDR is an established trauma therapy for dealing with a wide range of traumas such as road traffic accidents, assaults and other accidents. It is not a talking therapy, but involves following lights, tappers and sounds from side to side. This is called bilateral stimulation. EMDR therapy starts with a full history being taken from you, and follows a full and set protocol at all times.
PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder)
EMDR is the trauma therapy most often used to treat PTSD. This is a condition where someone experiences the sensations and feelings of a trauma many months or years after the trauma took place. These feelings can be triggered by many things, such as seeing a red car after being in an accident involving a red car. It is as if someone is re-experiencing the events of the trauma all over again. This is because the memories of the trauma have not processed properly and are still active in a part of the brain that has no clock. So even if a trauma took place 20 years ago it can still be experienced as happening right now. This part of the brain as well has having no clock, or time frame, has no language. For this reason talking therapies are often unhelpful in dealing with PTSD.
How does EMDR work?
Once EMDR starts a person can begin to process the traumatic memories in a safe and secure place. Although some distress can be experienced using EMDR, by working through the protocol you will process the traumatic memories. From a place where the memories are continually being triggered, into a long memory where they no longer cause the same level of distress. This results in the traumatic events no longer having the distress attached to them and healing can take place. In other words, EMDR processes the traumatic memories in such a way that the trauma is no longer relived over and over again, and this is the basis of how trauma therapy works.